The Blue Corn Flour Chronicles: Origins, Recipes and Fresh Latin American Dishes

Welcome to the blue corn flour chronicles. Here you will find the answer to all the enigmas that revolve around this Mexican harina that brings forth many fresh Latin American dishes

Is blue cornmeal the same as blue corn flour? Which recipes made from this harina are a must try? Are you in the mood to indulge in a honey butter cornbread made from authentic, blue Mexican flour? Do you want to invite friends over for a snack and prepare something tasty and distinctive? 

Well then, let the chronicles begin.

Roots of Fresh Latin American Dishes: The Basics of the Blue Harina

Blue corn flour, the Mexican blue harina, was originally developed by the Hopi, the pueblo of the Rio Grande in New Mexico, and several Southeastern Tribes, including the Cherokee. 

The extraordinary color it imparts to fresh Latin American dishes is also complemented by its unique flavor and texture once dried and ground. Extremely drought-tolerant thanks to its long, deep taproots, it has a higher protein content than any modern corn.

But to understand the true essence of blue corn flour, or harina de maíz azul, let’s break down the basics.

  • What is corn flour?
    Corn flour is a gluten-free flour obtained from grinding corn kernels. The color and properties of the flour depend on the corn variety used.
  • Corn flour is the same as cornstarch?
    The answer is no. Corn flour is made from the entire kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm, while cornstarch is extracted solely from the endosperm. Cornstarch is primarily a thickening agent, whereas corn flour contributes both texture and flavor to dishes.
  • Blue corn flour vs blue cornmeal, the same?
    And so the star question of the show arises. Well, in fact, blue cornmeal is the starting point for blue corn flour. It is made by grinding whole blue corn kernels, resulting in a coarse texture with a striking blue or purple color.

    Therefore, blue harina is the finely ground version of blue cornmeal. The difference, then, lies only in the coarseness of its grinding and, therefore, in its final texture. As it is finer, blue corn flour is a more versatile ingredient for various recipes.

    But indeed, both states stand out for the lively and special color they bring to the dishes. This vivid hue distinguishes it from traditional yellow or white cornmeal, offering a unique visual and culinary experience.
  • Classics and fresh Latin American dishes made with blue corn flour?
    In these chronicles, we will quickly encounter authentic Mexican recipes like blue cornbread, some blue corn flour pancakes, and the one and only blue corn tortillas, the classics of this blue gem. These fresh Latin American dishes, typical of Central America, crossed its border with its tempting and tasty blue color.

    On one hand, blue cornbread stands as a timeless classic among corn flour recipes, combining that extraordinary touch of blue corn flour with the comforting appeal of traditional cornbread. 

    And, like all classics, it has its most coveted gourmet twist: honey butter cornbread, a blue corn masa baked into sweet corn rolls with a honey butter spread. This is the ultimate cornbread evolution, but we’ll leave that one for later. 

    On the other hand, perfect for a lazy Sunday morning or a special occasion, blue corn pancakes are the right choice for those who want to add an extra touch of flamboyance to the breakfast table.

    And then, blue corn tortillas need no introduction: they simply are the epitome of Mexican cuisine and its culinary heritage, highlighting the unique flair of blue corn flour. 

In summary, blue Mexican harina is a versatile and visually stunning ingredient that adds depth to culinary creations that truly honor Mexican food. 

Blue Corn Flour in Action: Authentic Recipes for Fresh Latin American Dishes 

It is time then. Here are the three winning recipes to enjoy the very best of blue corn flour with some fresh Latin American dishes. 

Sweet star of the show: Honey butter cornbread

As we explore recipes, a sweet star emerges: the honey butter cornbread. Just picture a slice of warm blue corn bread with honey butter melting into each crumb. 

This Mexican cornbread recipe made with blue cornmeal combines the nuttiness of blue corn flour with the sweetness of honey butter, resulting in the ultimate blue cornbread recipe


  • 1 cup blue corn flour
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup cornmeal
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter, melted
  • 1/2 cup honey
  • 1 1/2 cups buttermilk

For the honey butter:

  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/4 cup honey


  • Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C) and grease a baking dish or cast-iron skillet.
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the blue corn flour, all-purpose flour, cornmeal, baking powder, baking soda, and salt.
  • In another bowl, whisk together the eggs, melted butter, honey, and buttermilk.
  • Gradually add the wet ingredients to the dry ingredients, stirring until just combined. Be careful not to overmix.
  • Pour the batter into the prepared baking dish or skillet, spreading it evenly.
  • Bake for 20-25 minutes or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.
  • While the cornbread is baking, prepare the honey butter by whipping together the softened butter and honey until smooth.
  • Once the cornbread is done, let it cool for a few minutes before slicing. Serve warm with a generous spread of honey butter.


  • Experiment with different types of honey for varied flavor profiles in the honey butter.
  • Add a handful of fresh blueberries to the batter for an extra burst of sweetness. 
  • Consider incorporating a pinch of cinnamon or nutmeg into the dry ingredients for a hint of warmth.

There you have it, your homemade Mexican cornbread recipe with a sweet and gourmet twist. (And a special tip for those of you in Atlanta, GA: be sure to try Mojave’s blue cornbread with honey butter, you’ll thank us later.) 

Blue corn pancakes: A Sunday breakfast special

Blue corn flour pancakes are a delightful twist on the classic breakfast favorite, infusing a nutty-blue flavor into each fluffy bite. 


  • 1 cup blue corn flour
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 1/2 cups milk
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/4 cup melted butter
  • Optional: Fresh blueberries for added burst of flavor


  • In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the blue corn flour, all-purpose flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt.
  • In a separate bowl, whisk together the milk, eggs, and melted butter.
  • Pour the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients and gently stir until just combined. Do not overmix; some lumps are okay.
  • If desired, fold in fresh blueberries into the batter.
  • Heat a griddle or non-stick skillet over medium heat and lightly grease with butter or cooking spray.
  • Pour 1/4 cup portions of batter onto the hot griddle for each pancake.
  • Cook until bubbles form on the surface, then flip and cook until the other side is golden brown.
  • Repeat until all the batter is used.


  • Serve with maple syrup, honey, or a dollop of whipped cream for added sweetness.
  • For an extra crunch, sprinkle chopped nuts like pecans or almonds on top.
  • Consider adding a touch of vanilla extract or cinnamon to enhance the flavor profile.

Blue corn tortillas: A Mexican food classic

Set as the foundation for countless Mexican dishes, blue corn tortillas offer a unique taste and visual appeal that bridge tradition and innovation. 


  • 2 cups blue corn masa harina
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt


  • In a large bowl, combine the blue corn masa harina and salt.
  • Gradually add warm water, mixing the dough until it forms a smooth, pliable consistency.
  • Divide the dough into small balls, about the size of golf balls.
  • Using a tortilla press or a rolling pin, flatten each ball into a thin, round tortilla.
  • Heat a griddle or skillet over medium-high heat.
  • Cook each tortilla for about 1-2 minutes on each side, or until it develops a slight char.
  • Keep the tortillas warm in a clean kitchen towel until ready to serve.
  • Serve with your favorite dip or taco fillings for some classic Mexican dishes.

Now you know, save this guide for your next blue cornmeal or blue corn flour purchase. These classics are sure to become favorites in your kitchen.

Health Benefits and Nutritional Value

Blue corn flour, beyond its culinary appeal, offers a range of health benefits and nutritional value, making it a wise choice for those seeking both flavor and nourishment.

  • Rich in antioxidants: Blue corn flour owes its vibrant color to anthocyanins, powerful antioxidants that may help combat oxidative stress in the body. These antioxidants contribute to overall health and may have anti-inflammatory properties.
  • High fiber content: Blue cornmeal is also a good source of dietary fiber. Adequate fiber intake supports digestive health by promoting regular bowel movements and preventing constipation. Additionally, a high-fiber diet can contribute to a feeling of fullness, aiding in weight management.
  • Gluten free option: This blue harina is naturally gluten-free, making it a suitable choice for individuals with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.
  • Essential nutrients: Blue corn flour contains essential nutrients such as B vitamins, iron, zinc, and magnesium. These nutrients play crucial roles in various bodily functions, including energy metabolism, immune system support, and maintaining healthy skin and bones.
  • Potential blood sugar regulation: Some studies suggest that the anthocyanins in blue corn may have a positive impact on blood sugar levels. While more research is needed, incorporating blue corn flour into your diet may contribute to overall glucose management.
  • Supports heart health: The fiber, antioxidants, and essential nutrients in blue corn flour collectively contribute to heart health. Fiber helps maintain healthy cholesterol levels, while antioxidants may play a role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

In summary, blue cornmeal is not just a flavorful addition to your kitchen: it’s a nutritional powerhouse. It’s good to know that we don’t have to prioritize taste over health. 

Blue Corn Epilogue: Adventure in Fresh Latin American Dishes and Leave your Mark on the Blue Cornmeal Chronicles

In conclusion, blue corn flour opens a door to a world of culinary possibilities and is definitely a special gateway into the world of Mexican cuisine. 

While there are some traditional recipes that can’t be missing from your Mexican menu, the versatility of blue cornmeal is a great opportunity to unleash the artist in you and add a little bit of color to classic and fresh Latin American dishes.

So if you want to treat yourself and your guests to a delicious and authentic Mexican fiesta, this blue harina is the one for you.

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